The history of Wesel begins around 3000-700 before Christ. Tool and cemetery finds in gravel pits point to a population of the area in the Stone Age and Bronze Age.
The first verifiable population on today’s Wesel city area arose after the migration of the peoples and attained its importance presumably at the time of Charlemagne, King of the Franks, that is in the year 800. The name Wesel first appeared in a document dated 1 May 1065. In the book of documents is also a copy of documents from the 8th century in which the name Wesele appears.
At the beginning of the 12th century Wesel was already a transshipment point for goods from the Rhine to the Lippe and vice versa. With the elevation of Wesel in September 1241 by Count Dietrich, Wesel’s guarantee obtained a number of privileges, such as free inheritance, freedom at all sovereign customs posts, sole prosecution before the municipal court and a maximum of one day’s military service. The privileges were expanded until 1277.
While Wesel’s trade in the 13th century was limited …