PRA warns against 35 year mortgages in England

Traditionally, banks have offered mortgage terms of 25 years to buyers, a long enough time so that buyers can have both low monthly payments and a moderate level of total interest paid. In recent years however, there has been a trend towards mortgage loans of even longer terms, those 35 years or longer in the UK mortgage market. By extending the duration of loans, banks have reduced the amount borrowers pay as monthly instalments, thus making housing appear more affordable in the short run. Despite its apparent benefits however, the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) of the Bank of England has issued warnings about these loans and their risks and consequences.


Earlier this week, in a speech intended to be delivered in May but pushed back due to the election, head of the PRA, Sam Woods warned lenders about offering long term mortgages. With mortgages of over 35 years, there is an increase likelihood that the later instalments would have to be paid with post retirement income. Woods and the agency believes that this dramatically increases the risk of these …

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Bank of England raises counter-cyclical capital buffer to 0.5%

Bank of England announced to lenders that it is raising the country’s counter-cyclical capital buffer from 0 to 0.5% to mitigate pressures from increasing consumer credit. The counter-cyclical capital buffer is a requirement on all banks, lenders and investment firms to keep a certain level of capital when credit growth is excessive. To a certain extent, this buffer is able to insulate banks from the cyclical growth and downturns of the economy. Bank of England’s decision reflects its interests in slowing down credit and lending in the British economy.


By raising the counter-cyclical capital buffer to 0.5%, British banks must increase their held capital by over £11.4 billion over the next 18 months. The Bank of England also has the intentions of further increasing the buffer by 0.5% to 1% by the end of 2017 to combat increases in consumer credit and lending. The counter-cyclical buffer has only been used once in the UK, but was quickly revoked due to stagnate economy conditions during the immediate aftermath of Brexit.


Bank of England’s Financial Policy Committee warned that there …

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Bank of England limits consumer lending & borrowing

Bank of England has voiced concerns over the increasing level of consumer credit in the UK, and has instituted various restrictions on banks regarding capital buffers, mortgage lending requirements and stress testing.


Levels of consumer debt have been rising rapidly, well beyond the rise in income, and bank lending has facilitated it’s growth. Since last April, personal lending has increased by 7% and credit card loans have risen by 9%.


The central bank expressed concerns in its most recent financial stability report that lends have grown used to benign economic conditions, and thus have loosened their lending standards. The Bank of England’s Financial Policy Committee warned that though current risks to the financial system remains low, banks should still remain watchful for shocks that could be caused by economic downturns.


It has asked banks to increase their capital by £11.4 billion over the next 18 months, thus having a greater buffer if an economic downturn causes a shock to occur, and …

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Central Bank of Ireland: Keeping the countercyclical capital buffer at zero?

In reference to Irish Central Bank maintains countercyclical capital buffer at zero by Peter Hamilton on 27 June 2017 in the Irish Times.

The Central Bank of Ireland decided to keep its countercyclical capital buffer at zero. Only if the current credit conditions remain restrained.

What is a countercyclical capital buffer?

A countercyclical capital buffer (CCyB) is a quarterly decided rate that applies to banks and investment firms. It’s a capital requirement designed to help banks save during the good months to prepare for the bad months. The CCyB will increase if the credit growth is excessive then is released during a period of systematic stress.

Currently, the Central Bank of Ireland said it will remain at zero.

Bank of England, on the other hand, has raised its buffer from zero to 0.5 percent. This leaves bank having to raise an altogether buffer of 11.4 billion euros in 18 months. The Bank of England is also planning on raising the buffer to 1 percent by the end of the year.

The Financial Policy Committee (FPC) of the Bank of England …

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Is London losing its head?

There was quite a fuss about the British budget budget yesterday especially because non-domiciled (non-doms) are going to face a 30k sterling levy, there is a fear (it is not certain whether it is real or supposed) that this will ultimately cause a ‘brain drain’ on the country and cause much of the foreign talent to flee to other places rather than pay a hefty fee.

This levy was only brought in because there are so many highly paid talents are living in the UK virtually tax free, and the likelihood is that they are not paying tax where ever they are domiciled. For the highly paid exec’s they can threaten to leave but they won’t. leave and go where? London is to finance what Rome once was to the empire, if you leave you’ll be paid 30k less to do more work in the new place. The outcry is purely from those whose vested interests may be hurt. Irish tax dodgers tend to be simple in their approach, you don’t pay and then when you are audited you get …

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US fed will inject $200 billion in cash in an effort to end the credit crunch

The United States Federal Reserve have announced that they will give a $200 billion dollar cash injection to ease the tensions in the credit market that are threatening to stall the wider US economy. They will buy mortgage backed security in return for cash and that will hopefully free up the credit markets and lending. Does that mean the Fed is taking on the risk the banks created? In a nutshell, yes, it does mean that, they are going to accept mortgage backed bonds from banks that were finding it hard to raise cash through the normal channels. So these institutions are not good enough for the market but they’ll do for the Fed.

The banks and financial institutions have taken a beating due to the credit crunch but it seems now that the fed is willing to stand up and be hit on behalf of the banks, so its like a guy who steps in to break up a fight and he turns out to be …

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