Who is telling porkies? Lending figures v.s. Advertisements

In the first quarter of 2010 there were c. 62 business days, and from this time frame we have gotten the most recent lending figures from the Irish Bankers Federation on mortgages in Ireland. Those figures stated that there were 6,954 mortgages drawn down in the first quarter of 2010 equating to €1.22bn in lending.

Those are the hard facts.

Then come the contradictions. AIB claim to have about 40% of the mortgage market – that headline is from last November but we can assume it should still remain at above 30%, an institutional contraction of 25% would be known because it would definitely make headlines (the 40% of the market AIB has is 100% to them so if it fell to 30% that would be a 25% reduction on their single institution figures). Back on topic – if we accept that AIB is holding at least 30% of the market then that means …

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ALLIED IRISH BANKS, P.L.C. INTERIM MANAGEMENT STATEMENT

Trading conditions in the year to date remain challenging, particularly in Ireland. Conditions have improved in Great Britain and our Capital Markets and Polish businesses are performing well. In the US, M&T reported strong results in the first quarter of 2010.

OPERATING PROFIT Please note that all trends in this update are in constant currency terms.

A combination of factors is placing downward pressure on our net interest margin and / or operating profit before provisions this year. These factors include: •    Highly competitive and uneconomic market repricing of customer deposits •    The elevated cost of wholesale funding and the higher cost of the Government Guarantee •    Reduced income on capital and increased interest payments on higher yielding bonds following the two capital exchanges successfully completed in the past year •    NAMA administration costs and reduced income from NAMA loans •    Targeted loan volume reductions outside Ireland to reduce our loan to deposit ratio

Positive factors, including loan repricing across all portfolios and a reduced impact or non recurrence of   some of the above factors, are expected to have a …

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AIB Interest Rate Hike: How much? To Who? What’ll it cost?

Yesterday AIB increased interest rates for both existing and new borrowers. This comes as a huge blow to consumers, in particular given that the consumer is the same taxpayer who has done so much to bail out the bank. Do people have the right to be angry? Hell yeah they do!

The move has been coming for quite some time, we have been harping on about this for over a year, the most recent prediction was to put a time-frame and figure on the hikes, stating that it would start in Q1 of 2010 and in the course of the year we’d see c. 100 basis points or 1% of an increase across the board with a further 50 basis points or 0.5% in 2011. Today’s Independent has stated that we can actually expect all of it in 2010.

Why is this happening?

Simply put, the banks are not charging enough to cover the costs of loans that are not performing. In a way you …

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If we must have a banking enquiry then make it cheap and fast.

I should state from the outset that I am against a banking enquiry if it is the ‘9/11 style public enquiry‘ it was originally billed by Patrick Honohan as (pic related). I also believe the primary failure in Ireland was one firstly of regulation and governance over and above what went on within the banking system, it is after all, the responsibility of regulators to exert their control over the systemic aspects of banking rather than vice versa, however, it seems to be the popular choice to have an enquiry and thus I have outlined how a relatively cheap investigation might be set up.

The people of Ireland are calling for blood and it is no surprise that various powers now want to deliver on it, they join other leaders from antiquity such as Titus, Nero and Caesar in wanting to please the masses with blood-letting, sadly, we have a history of making any investigation extremely …

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How much of a deposit do I need?

When making a mortgage application this is a question that many first time buyers want to know, how much money do I must I have for a deposit? Well, that kind of depends on which bank provides the mortgage finance!

Lending criteria is different for every bank/building society/lender, this goes for rates, the general underwriting criteria as well as the ‘loan to value‘, the deposit you need is 100% minus the Maximum LTV and that will give you the deposit amount you require. For instance, ICS have a maximum LTV of 92% so the deposit you need – if you are obtaining finance through them – is 100% – 92% = 8%.

What is interesting in that example is that when you go ‘sale agreed’ on a property the estate agent will ask for a security deposit and the balance of 10% at the signing of contracts, this is an example …

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NAMA uncovered

Yesterday the National Asset Management Agency (NAMA) legislation was brought out in the Dail (that’s the Irish Government buildings for our international readers) . We have put some of the developments into simple graphs to give an idea of the way NAMA will work and what the prices are as well as what they mean (for the pedants out there- they were drawn by hand to demonstrate the point).

So the total value of the loans is €68 billion, adding on €9 billion in rolled up interest – development accounts often had this factored into the end sale price, generally showing c. 15% profits (as a minimum) with the roll up included.

The €77 billion in loans will receive a 30% haircut (across the board) meaning the price paid will be €54 billion. It is important to note that different institutions will see larger haircuts than others, so it might be that BOI gets 20%, AIB 25% and Anglo 37% / INBS 42%, the 30% represents …

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Understanding why mortgage rates MUST rise.

We have been saying for some time that interest rates on mortgages must rise, you can look at supply and demand, or you can look at the types of products that have ceased to exist such as tracker mortgages (removing fixed margin loan products) and then there is the proliferation of variable LTV products which set the stage for the ability to manipulate margin on more loans. The question is ‘what all of this means’, and the purpose of this post is to explain how deposits, business lending and mortgages are all interconnected parts of the banking system and how margins are set based upon them.

Last week PTsb finally came out and said that they were considering an

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Get ahead of the curve on fixed rates… Oops! Too late!

We have been touting fixed rates for quite some time on the basis that people needed to fix at the time rates were heading for historic lows, not after the fact, as well as that, the indications from the ECB that they would not go below 1% and instead would seek alternative options (such as QE) meant that once we got close to the 1% the forward market would price that in, but when we actually reached the 1% base that equally the forward market would price in rising rates.

That is exactly what has happened, it wasn’t front page news when we said it, although the Sunday Times did do a big story in their business section in mid-February, but now that banks are starting to raise their interest rates it certainly is!

It gets back to planning, without exception every client we had that deliberately went for a fixed rate in the interim is in a good position, some who have opted for variable rates are doing well …

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